Geography

 
 
Ethiopia, in the Horn of Africa, has an area of 1,126,829 km2...
Ethiopia is in east-central Africa, bordered on the west by the Sudan, the east by Somalia and Djibouti, the south by Kenya, and the northeast by Eritrea. It has several high mountains, the highest of which is Ras Dashan at 15,158 ft (4,620 m). The Blue Nile, or Abbai, rises in the northwest and flows in a great semicircle before entering the Sudan. Its chief reservoir, Lake Tana, lies in the northwest.

Ethiopia, in the Horn of Africa, has an area of 1,126,829 km2 / 435,071 square miles About 65 percent of the land is arable, with 15 percent presently cultivated. The country is dissected by the Great Rift Valley from Northeast to South. This creats two major highland areas: the Central and Western Highlands west of the Rift Valley and the Southeastern Highlands. Presently, Ethiopia is a land locked country, bordered by five countries: Djibouti in the northeast, Eritrea in the north, Sudan to the northwest and west, Kenya to the south and Somalia to the southeast. South of Addis Ababa the land is dominated by more than 11 Rift Valley Lakes The main rivers are the Blue Nile, the Tekezze, the Awash, the Wabe Shabele, the Omo, and the Baro. Ethiopia has an elevated central plateau varying in height between 2,000 and 3,000 meters. The elevation could drop to 116 meters below sea level at the Denakil Depression - Afar, northeastern Ethiopia. In the north and centre of the country there are some 25 mountains whose peaks rise over 4,000 meters.